Sunday, May 30, 2010

REVIEW ARE PERCEPTION AMONG PRESCHOOL STUDENTS, BEFORE AND AFTER THE ACCURACY DISTANCE FEEDBACK USING MULLER-LAYER OPTICAL ILLUSION TESTER


1.    INTRODUCTION :
Turning to the perception, observation through the senses of sight is a major. This is because usually, people often focus on what he saw. But this does not mean that people ignore the processes that involve other senses of process involving more human attention.The question in this study was to determine the effect of feedback on the perception of the length of the straight line on the instrument set of Muller-Lyer Optical Illusion tester. Study examined the extent of feedback affect perception.

2.    RESEARCH PROBLEM:
Turning to the perception, observation through the senses of sight is a major. This is because usually, people often focus on what he saw. But this does not mean that people ignore the processes that involve other kederiaan but kederiaan process involving more human attention.The question in this study was to determine the effect of feedback on the perception of the length of the straight line on the instrument set of Muller-Lyer Optical Illusion tester. Study examined the extent of feedback affect perception.
Muller-Lyer the instrument Optical Illusion mengilusikan Tester long lines get distorted due to the direction of the arrow is pointing inwards or outwards at the end of the line, causing the line of equal length appear different. In their minds, people like 'interesting' direction of the arrow is pointing to such a point outside the building and they see the direction of the arrow is pointing to 'expand' and moving away from them like in a corner room (Ciccarelli, 2006).
     Illusion of this research arises from the interaction between the two arrowheads, and the line between them. Some explanations for this have been identified. Among the theories suggested that the size of the depth of an object is determined by the depth of the operation in the size-scale neural mechanisms directly in some cases (Gregory, 1963; Fisher, 1967; Valentin and Gregory, 1999).

3.    PROPOSED OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of children in estimating the accuracy of the distance before and after the response. This research study using Muller-Lyer Optical Illusion tester. In this study, researchers took a random sample of respondents

     5.  HYPOTHESIS
Null hypothesis in this study is "no significant difference in perception of distance and accuracy before being given feedback and the feedback among preschool students" Bound variables in this study is the perception of respondents, while independent variables are the responses before and after the response.



6.    METHOD :

This research was experimental in nature within subject design. The design of this experiment are the same respondents, and do two different tests (respondents the same experiment five times to estimate the distance of the instrument before and after feedback). The first test of the players to adjust the instrument so that the plates line the same length on both sides and the reading is not notified to the respondent. The second tests the participants to adjust the instrument so that the plates line the same length on both sides and the readings are communicated to the participants.
This study used the instrument Muller Lyer Illusion tester. The researcher randomly selected respondents, in Tadika Intan Gemilang. The researcher conducting research in two sessions of the first session the researcher asked the respondents to adjust the instrument to set both the same length of five attempts. At the first session, the researcher did not provide any feedback to the respondent. In the second session, the researcher provides feedback to the respondent in order to adjust the set of tools to study both sides of the same length of five attempts.
In the second session, the respondent was asked to adjust the instrument so that the straight lines of equal length on both sides. But in this second session, the researcher will provide feedback to respondents. In this second session of respondents provided a total of five attempts. If the respondent does not estimate the distance accurately, the researcher would respond, whether the respondents have to reduce or increase the length of the line size.Conditions set out in this study, namely, the respondents are not allowed to see the size of the plate behind the instrument Muller Lyer Illusion tester.

7.   SUBJECT OF THE STUDY

subjects in this study consisted of a boy and a girl by randomly selected at Tadika Intan Gemilang, Indah Permai, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The participants were briefed about the instrument and the purpose of the study done. They were also given the opportunity to try the instrument. Their readings were recorded before and after getting feedback from the researcher.
8.     PLACE OF RESEARCH

Tadika Intan Gemilang, Indah Permai, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.

     9.   TOOL REVIEWS
This study used the instrument Muller Lyer Optical Illusion tester. Only one tool used in the experiment of this plate measuring 6.5cm wide and 19.5cm long for the plate size platter arrows out and to plat platter arrows in the 14.9cm long and 3cm sized arrowheads and arrows point in platter is 60 ° (degrees).

  1. CONCLUSION
  2. CONCLUSION :
In conclusion, based on the findings can be concluded that the respondents can successfully test the effect of existing knowledge with new knowledge acquired through the training effect in this experiment. Researchers saw that the direction of the arrows into and out of influence on respondents' perceptions about the harmony of the accuracy of the straight line distance to set the instrument Muller Lyer Optical Illusion tester.


REFERENCES :

Atkinson, J.W. , (1983). Personality, Motivation & Action: Selected Papers, New York: Praeger. Dalam Mahmood Nazar Mohammad. (2001). Pengantar Psikologi: Satu Pengenalan Asas Kepada Jiwa dan Tingkah Laku Manusia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Ciccarelli, S.K. and Meyer, G.E. (2006). Psychology. Pearson Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River: New Jersey
Coren, S. & Girgus, J. , (1978). Seeing is Deceiving: The Psychology of Visual Illusions. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Dalam Mahmood Nazar Mohammad. (2001). Pengantar Psikologi: Satu Pengenalan Asas Kepada Jiwa dan Tingkah Laku Manusia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
N Bruno, 2008 Last but not least: An application of the Müller-Lyer Illusion. Perception, 32(1), 121-123.
Ralph Weinder, (2004) The effect of the Müller-Lyer illusion on map reading. Perception & Psychophysics, 61 (6), 1154 - 1167.
Valentin, D., Gregory, L., (1999). Context-dependent changes in visual sensitivity induced by Mu¨ller–Lyer stimuli. Vision Research 39, 1657–1670. In Qiu J., Li Hong, Zhang, Q., Liu, Q. and Zhang Fenghua. The Mu¨ller–Lyer illusion seen by the brain: An event-related brain potentials study. Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing, School of Psychology, Southwest University, Beibei, China.
                        
Diagram 1:                                                     Diagram 1:
Information about the movements of the eyes    Muller-Lyer Illusion Optical Tester

1 comment:

  1. assalammualaikum...miss zaleha..saya nak tanye pasal alat kajian ini...macam mana miss buat analisis bagi keputusan..maksdnye, nak masukkan data dalam SPSS..

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